Expungement means to purge or remove any information of past criminal charges from law enforcement records or any other official database that may be in possession of the information. In order to have your criminal record expunged, you must file a formal petition with the court in the county where you were charged, requesting that the desired records be removed or deleted.
Generally, a hearing will be scheduled on your petition to determine if expungement is appropriate and whether the prosecution opposes your petition. If your case is withdrawn by the prosecution, dismissed by the court or you are found not guilty after trial, do not assume that the charges will automatically be removed from your record. While the appropriate disposition will be recorded, evidence of the arrest and the charges will remain on your record and be accessible by current or prospective employers, the military and the public, unless a petition is filed and an order is signed granting expungement.
The expungement process has been codified by Pennsylvania law and therefore there is a uniform petition that must be filed in every county across the state. However, this does not mean that every county and/or District Attorney’s Office handles expungements in the same manner. In fact, the contrary seems to be true. While many prosecutors will not oppose expungement under the right circumstances, they each seem to have their own requirements to satisfy, and the courts will often not sign the expungement order until the prosecutor’s office is in agreement. Some offices require that you obtain a letter of joinder or a certificate of non-opposition that must be attached to the petition, while others will require that a hearing be held even if they are not going to oppose the expungement. Therefore, it is important that you consult with an experienced expungement attorney, who is familiar with the local practice, so that the petition can be filed correctly the first time and there will be no delays in having the records deleted.
Am I eligible for expungement of my criminal charges?
An experienced expungement attorney can generally tell you over the phone if you are eligible for expungement of your criminal charges. The attorney essentially needs your name and date of birth to look up your docket and determine how the case was resolved. If the charges were withdrawn, dismissed, or you were found not guilty, you are generally eligible for expungement. Furthermore, if you were convicted of or pled guilty to a summary offense, but have had no arrests or contacts with the criminal justice system in the five years since the summary conviction, you would be eligible for expungement. Below is a list of people who would be eligible for expungement under Pennsylvania law:
- Individuals whose criminal charges were dismissed by the court due to a lack of prosecution or lack of evidence, or withdrawn or nolle prossed by the District Attorney’s Office prior to trial.
- Individuals who were found not guilty after a judge or jury trial.
- Individuals who successfully completed the Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition (ARD) program by completing the period of pretrial probation; all terms and conditions of the program; and paid all court costs, fines and restitution.
- Individuals who pled guilty or were found guilty after the trial of a summary offense more than five years ago, but have not been arrested since. If convicted of the summary offense of underage drinking, one can apply for expungement after they turn 21 years old.
- Similar to ARD, individuals who entered a “no contest” plea under the Section 17 or 18 program of the Drug Act, and completed all requirements of the program—including drug treatment, payment of fines and costs, and any other conditions—are eligible for expungement once the charges have been formally withdrawn.
What are the benefits of having my record expunged?
We all make mistakes, whether it is because we were young and foolish or perhaps just at the wrong place at the wrong time. Unfortunately, some mistakes result in criminal charges being lodged. However, if those charges are withdrawn or dismissed, or you are vindicated with a “not guilty” verdict, they can still impact your future if they remain on your record. If you are seeking a job or your employer runs random background checks, criminal charges that are not expunged will appear on your record and could lead to rejection from a potential employer or termination from a current employer. In this difficult job market, there is enough standing in your way; you do not need evidence of an arrest holding you back. Additionally, Pennsylvania has public internet dockets that anyone can look up. You do not want nosey neighbors, parents of your children’s friends, a military recruiter or anyone else having access to this information if you can have it deleted. Therefore, take the necessary steps to see that eligible charges are removed from your criminal record.
Can any charges be expunged automatically by the courts?
Under most circumstances, proof of an arrest will not be expunged automatically by the court and therefore it is your responsibility to either file an expungement petition or hire an attorney to file one on your behalf. In all counties other than Philadelphia, there are no circumstances where expungement is automatic. However, Philadelphia has a few pretrial diversion programs, where one benefit of the program is automatic expungement through the court system without the need to file a formal petition for expungement.
If you enter and successfully complete the Small Amount of Marijuana program (also known as the “SAM” program) or the Summary Diversion program, the court will handle the expungement process without the need for any action on your part. However, these are rare instances and it is still your responsibility to follow up to see that any record of your arrest has been officially removed and deleted. If you enter the Alternative Misdemeanor Program (also known as “AMP” 1 or 2) and complete it, the charges will be withdrawn, but you must file your own petition to have your record expunged. You should contact an experienced Philadelphia expungement attorney if you are unsure which diversion program you completed.
Finally, you should be aware that evidence of your criminal arrest and charges are not removed on the date that the judge signs the order granting expungement. Rather, that record is forwarded by the Clerk of Courts to all of the appropriate parties including local township police, the Philadelphia Police Department, the Pennsylvania State Police, the District Attorney’s Office and the Administrative Office of Pennsylvania Courts. Various staff members from these different agencies must formally cull and remove any history of the record. It can sometimes take more than six months from the date on which the expungement order is signed for all records of your arrest to be removed.
This article was originally published at http://www.thefishmanfirm.com/expungement-of-criminal-records-in-pennsylvania. The writer retains all copyrights.