Definition - What does Supreme Court mean?
A Supreme Court refers to the highest court of authority in a particular jurisdiction. In the United States, Supreme Courts are established through both the state and federal constitution for the purpose of providing a jurisdiction with finality and some resemblance of uniformity. A Supreme Court also typically provides guidance upon how the entire judicial system operates within a jurisdiction.
Justipedia explains Supreme Court
In the United States, the federal government has a Supreme Court. Each individual state also has its own Supreme Court. Some states refer to the Supreme Court under different names such as the Superior Court. Some states, such as Texas, have two Supreme Courts—one court to handle civil matters and one court to handle criminal matters. In Texas, the Supreme Court that handles civil cases is known as the Texas Supreme Court. The Supreme Court that handles criminal cases is known as the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.