Definition - What does Morcellator mean?

A morcellator is a medical device that divides or morcellates tissue into tiny fragments which can more easily be removed during surgery, including the surgical removal of uterine fibroids or uterine tissue during a hysterectomy.

If successful, a power morcellator allows a medical doctor to perform a minimally invasive gynecological surgery to remove uterine fibroids, which allows for less chance of infection, a more speedy recovery, faster healing, and a less noticeable incision site.

Eliminating fibroids easily with fewer medical complications may improve the lives of many women who have suffered severe pelvic pain, heavy uterine bleeding, and infertility. Unfortunately, there have been some concerns that using the power morcellator may increase the risk of spreading certain cancerous tissues, specifically the spread of leiomyosarcoma, endometrial stromal sarcoma, carcinosarcoma, and endometrial adenocarcinoma. After concerns about morcellators and the increased risk that they could spread undiagnosed cancer to the abdominal and pelvic cavities, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) initiated a review of the product.

Justipedia explains Morcellator

In April 2014, the FDA issued a warning implementing new policies and procedures for the safe use of the morcellator.

The FDA has instructed all power morcellator manufacturers to review their product labeling and ensure products adequately warn about the risk of using the morcellator during laparoscopic hysterectomy and myomectomy procedures.

Additionally, the FDA is continuing a review of the product with the Obstetrics and Gynecological Medical Device Advisory Committee to discuss what other procedures are needed to enhance the safe and effective use of these devices.

Finally, the FDA has committed to review subsequent reports of the adverse effects of this product, including information provided by patients, doctors, medical device manufacturers, and peer-reviewed scientific literature.

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