Definition - What does Absolute Privilege mean?
Absolute privilege is a privilege that grants those entitled to it protection from lawsuits resulting from any defamatory remarks that they may make.
Absolute privilege is granted to those who are required to speak at certain venues or under certain circumstances. Members of Congress, for example, are granted absolute privilege while on the floor of assembly.
Justipedia explains Absolute Privilege
Members of other legislative bodies may also be entitled to absolute privilege under certain circumstances.
Absolute privilege also typically extends to those who are participating in trials. The protection of absolute privilege gives witnesses or other people speaking at trials the ability to speak freely. Without this privilege, they may be worried that they could be sued for libel or slander, and thus hesitate to testify. So essentially, absolute privilege helps to give people participating in trials the freedom they need to speak about other parties without fear of repercussion.