Definition - What does Admiralty Court mean?
Admiralty court refers to courts that handle cases and issues regarding maritime law. Maritime refers to the ocean, or other waterways by which ships travel. Admiralty courts frequently deal with legal issues regarding ships, sailors, insurance, passengers, cargo, etc.
In the U.S., admiralty courts have official jurisdiction in district federal courts.
Justipedia explains Admiralty Court
One of the most common things that admiralty courts do is place liens on ships. They do this when there is a claim against the ship that is not being satisfied (for example, when a shipowner owes a lot of money on the ship to a bank, and has not been paying it back). Ships can be worth a lot of money, so non-repayment of a ship-based debt can be an issue of significant value.