Definition - What does Civil Procedure mean?
In simple terms, civil procedure refers to practices, methods, and procedures used and accepted in civil cases. Civil procedures consist of often complex sets of regulations and rules set for federal as well as state laws. These set of rules actually form the guidelines for civil lawsuits and how they are tried, pursued, and filed.
Justipedia explains Civil Procedure
The most important point about civil procedures is that they are only guidelines and rules and not the actual law which empowers people to defend or sue a case.