Definition - What does Mass Tort mean?
A mass tort is a civil action that has one defendant and several injured parties. The injured parties would all be suing for the same reason and over the same time frame. The most common basis for such a lawsuit is an act of negligence by a commercial business, such as a pharmaceutical company who marketed a product that was later found to cause serious injury to the persons taking the medication.
The injured parties would combine their complaint to be addressed all at one single time with a judgment that determines the outcome for all injured parties simultaneously.
Justipedia explains Mass Tort
When a mass tort is undertaken, the law firm that is hired to deal with the case on behalf of the plaintiffs will advertise the pending lawsuit in order for any other injured party to combine their action with the class action lawsuit. These lawsuits will have monetary judgments attached, as they are civil in nature.