Definition - What does Court Trial mean?
A court trial is a trial in which a judge evaluates the facts of the case and also makes the final decision. This is opposed to a jury trial which is where a jury evaluates the facts of the case and makes the final ruling, Court trials are also known as bench trials.
Justipedia explains Court Trial
The main aspect that distinguishes a court trial is that the judge takes the place of the jury in deciding the final ruling of the case. Court trials are usually shorter than jury trials because the lawyers do not have to go through the jury selection process. The benefit of court trials is that they are quicker and don't require as much procedure as jury trials. However, the drawback is that there is only one person deciding the fate of the defendant.