Definition - What does Criminal Case mean?
A criminal case is when a person who is accused of a crime undergoes a trial to determine whether they are innocent or guilty. If they are found innocent, then the charges are dropped. If they are found guilty, then they are sentenced to a punishment that usually includes fines or jail time.
Justipedia explains Criminal Case
When a person is accused of a crime, a legal procedure is necessary in order to carry out the process of justice. So, a trial ensues. This process is called a criminal case. There are many different crimes which can result in a criminal case. From theft all the way to manslaughter, accused criminals have a chance to defend themselves in a criminal case. The prosecution has the responsibility of proving, beyond a reasonable doubt, that the accused party committed the crime. Criminal cases are prosecuted by the government because they are considered crimes against the state.