Definition - What does Federal Courts mean?
Federal courts comprise the system of courts which handles both criminal and civil cases on the bases of jurisdiction mentioned in federal statutes and the Constitution. Federal courts may also hear cases where parties from two different states are in a dispute. This dispute must have damages over $75,000 for it to become a federal matter. At that time, it becomes known as diversity of citizenship.
Justipedia explains Federal Courts
Federal courts includes district courts of appeal, trial courts, and the Supreme Court. The system also include special courts such as tax, bankruptcy, veterans' appeal, and claims (filed against the government).