Federal Tort Claims Act
Definition - What does Federal Tort Claims Act mean?
The Federal Tort Claims Act lays out the circumstances under which a person is able to sue the US government for liability relating to death, injury, or loss to personal property. In instances where a person is able to take a claim under the Federal Tort Claims Act the US government is held in the same sense as a civil defendant would be. They are treated as a person in such cases. The case would go forward in the same method that any tort or litigation claim would proceed.
Justipedia explains Federal Tort Claims Act
The US Court of Claims was established to deal with these cases in law when the Supreme Court first consented to allow the government to be sued in certain circumstances. There are several exceptions to each of the circumstances and as a result the proportion of claims that are held up (won by the plaintiff) are minimal overall.