Definition - What does Foreseeability mean?
Foreseeability is a concept under tort law. It is the idea that a person should have a reasonable belief that their actions would have certain causes and goes to show whether malicious intent was present in the crime. If foreseeability can be proven then the prosecution's case would be confirmed. An example is when a person hits another person they have a reasonable belief that they may be hit back, so while the first person who threw a punch would be held liable, the person punched, if they defended themselves, would be considered to be within their right to do so.
Justipedia explains Foreseeability
Foreseeability is linked to negligence in cases where a person tries to sue for damages that resulted from an action which the person had a reasonable idea of the results of the action based on what common perception of such an incident would be.A person can be held civilly and/or criminally negligent for an action that was proven to be foreseeable. Reasonable anticipation is another term that is frequently found in cases where foreseeability becomes an issue.