Definition - What does Geneva Conventions mean?
The Geneva Conventions were a series of conventions that concluded in Geneva, Switzerland in 1949. At these conferences, new policies were created for war that protect civilians and combat incapable soldiers such as POWs from severe treatment. These policies were designed for lengthy international conflicts which could result in many injured soldiers and POWs and heavy civilian involvement.
Justipedia explains Geneva Conventions
World War II consisted of massive civilian casualties. Entire cities were leveled by bombs, and towns and villages were completed destroyed. There were also incredible numbers of injured soldiers and prisoners of war. Despite no longer, or never being in the conflict, these three classes of people suffered immensely during World War II. In fact, around 50% of all deaths in World War II were civilians. The Geneva Conventions were the attempt by the governing powers to prevent such massive losses of life and suffering in non-combat active soldiers from ever occurring again.