Definition - What does Jurisdiction mean?
Jurisdiction refers to the extension of geographic area or reach to certain types of cases given to a court. It may also be defined as the authority or power given to any court by law. Before a case begins, it is important to identify the jurisdiction of the court that will hear that case.
Justipedia explains Jurisdiction
Different courts have different jurisdiction. For example, a municipal court can only hear cases involving a lesser amount of money than what Superior Courts can hear. Similarly, certain courts can hear cases which are more serious in nature while other courts cannot.
There are different forms of jurisdiction such as original jurisdiction and federal jurisdiction.