Definition - What does Limited Jurisdiction mean?
Limited jurisdiction refers to a court's limited power to only hear cases that it has the designated authority to hear. For example, family courts typically only have limited jurisdiction to hear family court issues. So, you would not go to a family court if you were trying to file for bankruptcy.
Justipedia explains Limited Jurisdiction
Limited jurisdiction allows courts to specialize in various things. There are a number of different limited-jurisdiction categories. For example, some courts may have limited jurisdiction for immigration and customs, small claims, probate, etc.
People who need to use the courts to resolve an issue have a specific court that will be chosen for them based on the nature of their issue. The value of losses can also be relevant for which court is assigned in addition to the nature of the issue.