Definition - What does Litigant mean?
A litigant is a party who is taking part in a lawsuit or the litigation before a lawsuit. Litigants include both plaintiffs who make the complaints with the courts, and defendants who must defend themselves against the claims of the plaintiff.
Justipedia explains Litigant
Often, there are more than two litigants in a lawsuit. For example, in an injury case where a person was injured by a commercial product, all of the companies on the supply chain for that product could be litigants in the suit. They may all share equal responsibility for the faulty product, and thus the plaintiff may be suing all of them.
Both individuals and companies can be litigants. Lawyers represent litigants and make arguments on their behalf in trials.