Definition - What does Litigation mean?
Litigation is the process in which one party takes legal action against another in order to begin the process of achieving justice.
Typically, in a litigation, the plaintiff brings a complaint to the court, and then sues the defendant in order to obtain damages or any other legal action that the plaintiff feels that he or she is owed.
Justipedia explains Litigation
Most of the time, litigations end with a settlement before the issue is actually taken to trial. The reason is because trials are expensive, can be lengthy and, often, the defendant and the plaintiff want to resolve the issue quickly. However, a litigation can progress to a lawsuit. If it does, then a whole trial will take place, and the result will be that the judge or jury decides whether or not the plaintiff is entitled to receive damages or other forms of justice from the defendant.