Definition - What does Mining Claim mean?
A mining claim is a legal right held by a person to mine minerals or metals out of a piece of land or water. Mining claims are commonly held for private property. However, it is possible to get mining claims for certain public land and waterways as well. Permission of the government is required for such claims.
Justipedia explains Mining Claim
In many cases, land holds certain ores or minerals such as gold, platinum and silver, and the person who owns the mining claim to the land has the potential to make a substantial amount of money from mining the property. For this reason, mining claims are very important legal rights that miners depend on to make sure that they have exclusive mining rights to the property. Lawsuits often occur when miners believe their mining claim rights are being violated.