Definition - What does Qualified Immunity mean?
Qualified immunity is a type of legal immunity that is given to publicly elected officials. This immunity prevents them from being held liable for civil damages as long as they do not make clear violations of law. However, if they do make clear violations of law, then they are not protected by qualified immunity.
Justipedia explains Qualified Immunity
Elected officials often have to make decisions that impact other people. So, often, people may want to sue public officials if they believe that they have been wronged by something that a public officer did while in office. However, qualified immunity protects public officials from having to deal with these lawsuits unless they have clearly violated the law, or it is suspected that they have clearly violated the law.