Right to Privacy

Definition - What does Right to Privacy mean?

The right to privacy is essentially the ability to live and make certain decisions without any unwarranted scrutiny or intrusion – especially by the government or agents thereof.

Although it is not specified as a privilege in the United States Constitution, the U.S. Supreme Court has historically ruled that the right to privacy is created and protected by some of the constitutional amendments.

Justipedia explains Right to Privacy

In the United States, the right to privacy is recognized as a basic tenet of common law, constitutional law and statutory law:

  1. Its broadest meaning and application is that recognized under common law. In this context, the right to privacy is basically the ability to live with minimal interference or intrusion of any kind.
  2. Under constitutional law, the right to privacy is best construed as an individual's ability to make certain personal choices without legal and/or government intervention.
  3. Finally, under statutory law, the right to privacy protects citizens from the excessive use of certain types of surveillance and testing.
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