Separation of Powers
Definition - What does Separation of Powers mean?
The separation of powers refers to the provision in the U.S. Constitution that separates the three main sections of the federal government into three branches. These branches are the executive, legislative and judicial branches. Each branch serves a different purpose, and each is a check on the power of the others.
Justipedia explains Separation of Powers
The executive branch of the federal government is led by the president. The legislative branch is led by Congress, including the Senate and the House of Representatives. Finally, the judicial branch is led by the Supreme Court.
The executive branch primarily deals with carrying out of laws; the legislative branch primarily makes laws; and the judicial branch primarily deals with serving justice to those who break laws.
The three branches prevent any one branch from gaining a monopoly of federal power.