Definition - What does Special Verdict mean?
A special verdict is a verdict in which the jury does not simply declare the defendant innocent or guilty. Instead, in a special verdict, the jury makes decisions about certain aspects of the trial, and presents its decisions to the judge. The judge then examines the special verdict and decides whether or not the defendant is innocent or guilty.
Justipedia explains Special Verdict
Special verdicts are often used when the facts of the case are very complex, or when the laws involved are difficult to interpret. In such cases, the expertise of the judge can be required to formally decide whether or not the defendant is guilty or innocent regarding the accused crime. However, despite the fact that judges typically make the final call in special verdicts, juries still perform an important task. They hear the trial and make decisions about facts regarding the case.