Definition - What does Summary Judgment mean?
A summary judgment is when a judge makes a decision about the outcome of a case before it goes to trial. Thus, there is no need for a trial after a summary judgment has been made.
Summary judgments are made when one party in the suit motions for a summary judgment. This typically happens when the parties are in agreement about both the facts of the case and the laws involved.
When the ruling is a matter of law and concretely defined in law, there is no disputing it and, as such, the judgment can be formed faster.
Justipedia explains Summary Judgment
Sometimes, the facts of the case are so obvious that both parties in a suit may feel that pursuing a trial would be a waste of time. For example, if the prosecution has surveillance video footage of the defendant robbing a convenience store, then both parties may be in agreement about the facts. Additionally, the judge may think that there would be no way that the defendant could prove their through a trial. In such circumstances, a summary judgment may be motioned for.
A summary judgement is a legally binding decision of a court, and both parties will be held to the decision that forms the judgement.