Tort Claims Act
Definition - What does Tort Claims Act mean?
The Tort Claims Act is an act that allows citizens to sue the federal government or a state government without its consent for tort claims. Tort claims are civil claims. Historically, the United States government had sovereign immunity. Sovereign immunity forbids citizens from suing the government for tort claims without its consent. However, the Tort Claims Act has changed sovereign immunity laws.
Justipedia explains Tort Claims Act
Due to the Tort Claims Act, citizens can now sue the government if they have a legitimate tort claim against it. For example, if a man believes that a government employee has committed a civil wrong against him, which results in losses for the man, then he can sue the government for damages. If he was to win in court, then the government would be forced to pay damages. In other words, the government is no longer above the possibility of being sued.