Definition - What does Trial Court mean?
Trial court can be defined as the court of law in which the original trial takes place (original because a trial court is different to the court of appeals).
It is the very first court before which all the facts involved in a case are decided. Sometimes trial court is also referred to as "Court of First Instance."
Justipedia explains Trial Court
The trial court can also be called the court of original jurisdiction. Lawsuits are first filed in trial courts.
It is also a place where testimonies and evidence are first received, gathered and then considered.
A trial court may hear criminal or civil cases, but only those that are not already under the jurisdiction of some other court.