Definition - What does Abortion mean?
An abortion refers to the death and discharge of a fetus or embryo, and ends a pregnancy.
Generally, there are two broad categories of abortion:
- A spontaneous abortion is caused naturally by the mother’s body or by environmental factors.
- An induced abortion is one that is intentional.
Most legal conversations involving abortion revolve around induced abortions.
Justipedia explains Abortion
Abortion is one of the most controversial topics in contemporary law and politics. The controversy is centered on whether or not a woman has the right to intentionally end a pregnancy by terminating an embryo’s development in her uterus.
One position on abortion—the one usually taken by the Christian right—insists that abortion should be illegal. Another position, often taken by the Left, insists that a woman’s right to choose what happens to her body should be protected, and that choosing an abortion is a basic human right.
The abortion debate involves a variety of legal, social and medical questions, including: What are a woman’s rights when she is raped? Does the government have the right to tell a woman what she can do with her own body? Are there valid, personal health reasons for terminating a pregnancy?