Definition - What does Venire mean?

Venire is a Latin term that means "to come."

In a legal context, venire refers to a writ—an order from the court—that is given to a sheriff of a town or city, instructing him or her to summon a certain number of people to serve as a jury of peers on a trial.

Venire can also refer to an existing jury pool from which jurors are selected for the trial.

Justipedia explains Venire

According to the U.S. Constitution, accused persons are entitled to due process of the law. Jurors are used for trials due to the fact that the Constitution includes a trial by a jury of peers as a right (as part of due process of law). However, when a legal action takes place in a jurisdiction, someone has to give the order to make the summons for jurors. When a court does this, it is called venire or venire facias.

The sheriff must select qualified jurors to be members of the jury pool; this means that they must be from the district (citizens within the community), they must be at least 18, and they must meet certain physical and mental health standards. Typically, a person who is selected to serve on a jury will not be selected for a period of months to years after their first selection.

A judge may dismiss a potential juror from the jury pool if he or she has a direct conflict of interest in the trial. For example, if the prospective juror is a sibling of the defendant, he or she may be dismissed.

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