Vicarious Liability

Definition - What does Vicarious Liability mean?

Vicarious liability refers to the legal doctrine where an agent can cause their principle to bear the liability for something that the agent does. The principle can become liable for the agent's actions because, in the eyes of the law, the principle has some type of control over the agent.

Justipedia explains Vicarious Liability

Vicarious liability stems from the common law doctrine of respondeat superior which roughly translates into meaning that someone of superior authority is responsible for those they have authority over. In the United States, Vicarious liability is typically something that comes up in civil law cases. For example, if a truck driver for Coca-Cola, during his route, crashes into somebody and injures them, then that person can both sue the truck driver and Coca-Cola.

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