War and Defense Powers
Definition - What does War and Defense Powers mean?
War and defense powers are the powers that were granted to the U.S. Congress in Article 1, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution. These powers give Congress the authority to raise armies, declare war, maintain a navy, organize and train a militia, and create a draft if necessary, among a number of other powers.
Justipedia explains War and Defense Powers
War and defense powers also grant Congress certain powers over civilians during war time. For example, Congress can restrict civilians from entering certain areas during a war. This could be because a battle is taking place in an area, or because the area is needed for some other reason related to the war effort. Furthermore, the war and defense powers provision of the Constitution allows Congress to control prices and rent levels during a war if necessary.