Definition - What does Privilege mean?
Privilege, in a legal sense, is a client's right to be able to say anything to their attorney and know that the attorney is bound by law not to disclose anything said because of their working relationship. This is done within the limitations and requirements of the court and state. As a common definition, the term privilege means a right, benefit or immunity that is enjoyed by a person which is beyond normal expectation, or a special right exclusive to a person within a specific relationship.
Justipedia explains Privilege
Privilege is extended to a client because they need to be able to tell their attorney everything in order to be best represented. The attorney's core job is to represent their client in the best way possible. This cannot be done if the attorney told anyone what the client stated in private in the expectation of privilege. This condition is placed within law to ensure that all individuals receive a fair trial.