Definition - What does Immunity mean?
Immunity is the general principle that dismisses the requirement for a person or entity to go through a judicial proceeding that would normally be required. An individual can be immune for many different reasons. They can be immune from completing many different requirements.
Justipedia explains Immunity
There are several different types of legal immunity. This includes governmental immunity which allows local, state, and federal governments to establish that there are certain charges that cannot be brought against that government entity. Governmental immunity also allows a government to place a cap on the amount of damages it is required to pay in a civil case. There is also spousal immunity which eliminates a spouse's requirement to testify against the other. These are merely examples and are, by no means, an exhaustive list of legal immunity.