Definition - What does Causation mean?

Causation refers to the relationship between conduct and the result of that conduct which is typically damage or injury.

Causation is found in most lawsuits. It is particularly prominent in tort law. The three important components in a tort litigation that the party filing a lawsuit (plaintiff) must prove are:

  • That the wrongdoer (defendant) owed a duty to the plaintiff
  • That the duty was breached
  • That by breaching the duty the defendant caused injury to the plaintiff (causation)

Justipedia explains Causation

Causation can be an act or omission that resulted in injury to the victim (plaintiff). In tort litigation, causation is an important component. It is established by producing evidence that shows that a wrongdoer's action or omission was an important antecedent in causing injury to the plaintiff. A party filing a tort claim must prove causation regardless of the branch of tort (negligence, intentional wrong or strict liability) under which the lawsuit has been filed.

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