Federal Court Review

Definition - What does Federal Court Review mean?

A Federal Court Review, in the context of Social Security, refers to the last level of the appeals process for disability claims, in which a claimant can file a civil suit in a federal district court if their disability benefits claim has been denied by the Appeals Council or if the Appeals Council decides not to review the claimant’s case.

Justipedia explains Federal Court Review

The U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) has certain eligibility criteria that a claimant is required to meet in order to be awarded disability benefits under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program or the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. If the SSA denies a claimant’s disability benefits claim, the claimant can request a hearing with the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ). If the ALJ also denies the claim, then the claimant can file an appeal with the Social Security Appeals Council (AC). If the claimant’s appeal is denied at the Appeals Council level, the claimant receives a 60-day period in which they file for a Federal Court Review.

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